The Nature of Religious Language

Religious Language

This theme will cover two views of the nature of religious language: i) that religious language is SYMBOLIC; and ii) that it is ANALOGICAL. Religious Language as Symbolic One of the most famous and subtle theologians of recent times to write at length on the symbolic nature of religious language is the German born Paul Tillich (1886-1965). Tillich was … Read moreThe Nature of Religious Language

D. Z. Phillips and the Wittgensteinian View

D. Z. Phillips is probably the most prolific writer in Philosophy of Religion representing the Wittgensteinian view. He has applied the approach to a whole range of Christian themes including prayer, eternal life and God. He has attempted to show that religious beliefs are ‘pictures’ in the sense that they provide the framework for what … Read moreD. Z. Phillips and the Wittgensteinian View

Wittgenstein and The Language Game View in Response to the Empirical Challenge

Wittgenstein

In response to the empirical challenge, Wittgenstein had grown dissatisfied with his earlier book (Tractatus Logico-Philosophus) and in the second half of his life, he developed a different approach to language. In this later period, he stressed how varied language was, rather than attempting to develop an ideal language. What are Wittgenstein’s Language Games? The … Read moreWittgenstein and The Language Game View in Response to the Empirical Challenge

Braithwaite – An Empiricists view on the Nature of Religion

The Non-cognitive view Taking up the challenges put down by Flew and earlier by A.J.Ayer, R.B. Braithwaite, a Cambridge professor, delivered a lecture in 1955 which became something of a classic. It was called ‘An Empiricist’s View of the Nature of Religious Belief‘. An Empiricists View of the Nature of Religious Belief In the lecture, … Read moreBraithwaite – An Empiricists view on the Nature of Religion

Archetypes – What are Archetypes? Types of Archetypes

Archetypes Archetypes (according to Jung) are mythological motifs in our consciousness which are ‘typical forms that appear spontaneously all over the world, independently of tradition, in myths, fairytales, fantasies, dreams, visions, and the delusional systems of the insane’. Jung revived the ancient Gnostic term ‘archetype’ for this phenomenon – it represented the ‘patterning tendency’ in the … Read moreArchetypes – What are Archetypes? Types of Archetypes

A Comparison of Freud and Jung on Religion

Today, I will be comparing two famous Psychologists on their views of religion – I hope that you enjoy my comparison of Freud and Jung. 1: For Freud religion was an obsessional neurosis. People need to be ‘cured’ of religion- He believed that psychology would eventually succeed in explaining religion away in much the same way … Read moreA Comparison of Freud and Jung on Religion

Assessment of Jung’s Treatment of Religion

Carl Jung

You can probably tell that I am on a ‘Carl Gustav Jung‘ binge at the moment! I am, of course, teaching a great deal of Psychology of Religion! Remember that when you write essays in Philosophy, you are expected to give an argument and counter argument or thesis and antithesis. Today, we will be summarising … Read moreAssessment of Jung’s Treatment of Religion

Jung on Religion – A Summary of his Religious Experiences and Belief

Aion

Many of you have been asking me to summarise Jung on Religion. It is a difficult task as it is a complex topic, but today, I attempt to summary Jung on Religion in 9 key points. Here goes… There is a religious instinct in all human beings – an inherent striving towards a relationship with … Read moreJung on Religion – A Summary of his Religious Experiences and Belief