Teleological Argument for the existence of God

The teleological argument for the existence of God (also known as the Design argument) moves from the world which shows evidence of intelligible order to divine intelligence as the source of that order. The idea in some form goes back to the ancient world. Plato, for example, in ancient Greece, argued that the universe does … Read more Teleological Argument for the existence of God

Criticism of the Religious Experience Argument – Anthony Flew: God and Philosophy

Anthony Flew

Happy New year, Philosophers. I know it’s always tough getting back into the swing of studying after a fortnight of Christmas drinks! We are kicking off the new year with a blog on Anthony Flew: God and Philosophy. Antony Flew’s position is summarised in his book God and Philosophy i) There is a crucial ambiguity … Read more Criticism of the Religious Experience Argument – Anthony Flew: God and Philosophy

Marxist Theory on Poverty

Marxist Theory on Poverty

Introduction to Marxist Theory on Poverty Reasons for Poverty Reasons for poverty and social exclusion can come from a variety of theoretical approaches including anti-racist, postmodern and religious approaches. In this article, I am going to analyse the key sociological perspective of Marxism and the Marxist Theory of poverty based on class. Marxist Theory of … Read more Marxist Theory on Poverty

The Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path of Buddhism

Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path of Buddhism

The four noble truths and eightfold path of Buddhism are crucial aspects of Buddhist philosophy and key teachings of the Buddha. Siddhartha Gotama Buddha – the Story of the Buddha leaving the Palace The Buddha, the founder of the Buddhist religion was called Prince Siddhartha Gotama. Siddhartha Gotama was sheltered from the suffering of the world … Read more The Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path of Buddhism

Jean Piaget: The Developmental View

The Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget (1896-1980) researched childhood experiences in general and produced a structure for developmental thinking which he hoped would enable us to understand more fully the processes of thinking, which children and adolescents use in their selection, search, manipulation and organisation of their experiences. Ronald Goldman Applied Piaget’s General Structure In the … Read more Jean Piaget: The Developmental View

Edward Robinson: The Original and Continuing Vision

Those who, like Edward Robinson, take a different view, criticise the developmentalists for their obsession with predictability, universality and control. In 1969, Alister Hardy founded the Religious Experience Research Unit at Manchester College, Oxford. The R.E.R.U. collates the religious experiences of people and publishes books on these from time to time. Edward Robinson Became the … Read more Edward Robinson: The Original and Continuing Vision

Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the Colonial Era

Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the Colonial Era

Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the Colonial Era With a history of colonisation since the sixteenth Century, the development of Buddhism in Sri Lanka (previously Ceylon) was immense.  In response to the colonising forces of the Portuguese (early 1600s), Dutch (from 1636) and British (Gradually suppressing the Dutch resulting in complete ownership of the Island … Read more Buddhism in Sri Lanka in the Colonial Era

Chinese Buddhism: Was there a Buddhist Revival?

Chinese Buddhism

Historically, Buddhism has disappeared from most communist countries, but not China or Vietmnam. Chinese Buddhism did change, due to the encounter with other religions, and with the Western world. My main argument here is that revival is not a useful term to describe modern Chinese Buddhism because it creates misconceptions about such developments that occured between 1850 … Read more Chinese Buddhism: Was there a Buddhist Revival?

Religion in Childhood and Adolescence

One of the ways into a study of this subject is to notice how widely writers differ in their thoughts about the religion in Childhood and Adolescence. There are two main views on this: the developmental view (J.Piaget; R.Goldman) and The original and continuing vision (E.Robinson). The Developmental View of Religion in Childhood and Adolescence To summarise … Read more Religion in Childhood and Adolescence

John Herman Randall Jnr.

Another writer who wrote on the symbolic character of religious language was Tillich’s friend and colleague, John Herman Randall Jnr. The difference between them is very substantial, despite their agreements. For Randall, religious symbols were non-cognitive. They were socially necessary but not ‘true’ in the sense that the overwhelming number of religious people would assume. … Read more John Herman Randall Jnr.